Upper Catchment Issues Tasmania
Tasmanian Community Resource Auditors (TCRA)

Referencing style used in the Journal

Why Reference? There are two main purposes for referencing during the course of your article. First, references point to the sources you have used to find information. Your references are in effect your supporting evidence. Your reader should be able to verify your evidence or follow up any aspects of special interest. Secondly, a reference list enables you and your readers to position your work within the wider literature relating to your subject and topic. The golden rule is "if you have used someone else's ideas then you MUST cite them".

Is a reference list the same as a bibliography? Strictly speaking, no. A reference list includes all the sources you have cited in the text of your article, whereas a bibliography is a list of the works you consulted, but did not cite. Examples could include general texts relating to your topic that were consulted for background information. For instance, encyclopedias are examples of such sources. Your article can therefore contain both a reference list and a bibliographic list.

What system does the Journal use? We use the system known as Harvard or the author-date system. The Journal does allow some variations within the system as long as the style used in your article is consistent.

What does a reference list look like? Consulting the latest edition of the Journal is recommended. The table below shows the preferred style and layout of the main reference categories (journals, books and the Internet). Note the use of full stops and commas. There are many more categories, but these are the main ones. In any case, the editors are always on hand to support you, so referencing should not be seen as an onerous task.

Table 1 Example citations

Entry into reference list How cited in the text Comments
Ascherio, A., Chen, H., Weisskopf, M.G., O'Reilly, E., McCullough, M.L., Calle, E.E., Schwarzschild, M.A. and Thun, M. J. 2006, 'Pesticide exposure and risk for Parkinson's Disease', Annals of Neurology, vol. 60, no.2, pp. 197-203. Ascherio et al 2006 A journal paper with more than one author. Note the title of the paper is in '...' quotes, and journal name is italicized. Include page numbers in list.
Carson, L. 2001, 'Innovative consultation processes and the changing role of activism', Third Sector Review, vol.7, no.1, pp. 7-22. Carson 2001 A journal paper with one author. Include page numbers in list.
Pollak, J. 1993, The Toxicity of Chemical Mixtures, The Centre for Human Aspects of Science and Technology and The Public Interest Advocacy Centre, Sydney, Australia, pp. 5-40. Pollak 1993 A book, one author. Note the title is italicized, followed by publisher details and country of publication. Include page numbers in list.
Tattersall, P.J. 2003 (a) 'Community based auditing: empowering the community to take charge - pathways to a just and sustainable society', in Proceedings of the Community Research Network, 6th Annual Conference, powerful Collaborations: Building a Movement for Social Change, October 16-19, 2003, ed. Rick Worthington, Sandstone Minnesota, USA, www.loka.org/conf2003/2003_conference.htm. Tattersall 2003a Author cited more than once for the same year. Note the location of the citation is a www. Include page numbers in list.


Day, R.A. 1989, How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper, 3rd edition, Cambridge University Press, New York, U.S.A.

The University of Sydney - Orange 2000, Guide to Referencing, 6th edition, Faculty of Rural Management, The University of Sydney.